Amedco - Quiz
May 2014 JPGN Quiz
1 - Which of the following statements regarding adolescent NAFL is most correct?
A - Prevalence of NAFL in adolescents based on previous reports is in the range of 10?20%
B - NAFL is a benign condition in adolescents.
C - Liver enzymes are same in male and female adolescents with NAFL.
D - Development of NAFL in adolescence is often associated with type 2 diabetes
2 - Considering sources of fructose in this study’s adolescent cohort, reducing intakes of which of the following could be the most effective way to decrease excess fructose in their diets?
A - Fruit
B - Biscuits, cakes and sweets
3 - Which of the following best summarizes the metabolism of fructose compared to glucose after a meal?
A - Fructose is mostly metabolized in the liver whereas glucose is metabolized in other tissues as well.
B - Both fructose and glucose are solely metabolized in the liver
C - Fructose is directly converted to uric acid in the liver whereas glucose is not.
4 - Which of the following best describes the current understanding of the relationship between obesity and adolescent NAFL?
A - NAFL always develops in those adolescents who are obese
B - Excess adiposity and fructose intake are risk factors for NAFL
C - Underweight and normal weight adolescents do not develop NAFL
D - Total sugar intake is the only factor involved in the development of NAFL
5 - Whole cow milk?based formulas (CMF) contain proteins in the range of 14 kD (??lactalbumin) to 67 kD (bovine serum albumin). What is the difference between a pHF and an extensively?hydrolysate formula (eHF)?
A - pHF contain reduced oligopeptides that have a molecular weight of generally < 5 kD. Peptides in eHF have, in >90%, a molecular weight of <3 kD. Both pHFs and eHFs consist of a wide range of peptide sizes.
B - pHF and eHF consist both of a narrow range of peptide sizes.
C - pHF contain mainly whole cow's milk protein and a small percentage of hydrolysed protein.
D - eHF) means that a much larger proportion of the native cow's milk protein are hydrolysed than in partial hydrolysates.
6 - Which of the following were included in this study:
A - Papers that were withdrawn from the literature due to suspected fraud
B - Case reports
C - Randomized studies
7 - Which of the following statements most accurately describes the methods of this review?
A - Observational trials and randomized controlled trials were considered for inclusion.
B - The participants in the included trials had to be only infants at high the risk of developing allergy.
C - The risk of allergy was assessed by a family history.
8 - What were the results of the only single?blind RCT included in this paper?
A - Feeding with CMF significantly reduced the risk of allergic diseases compared to pHF
B - Feeding with pHF did not significantly affect the risk of developing any allergic disease at 0?1 year as compared to CMF
C - A significant difference for the secondary outcomes was identified between the group fed pHF and the group fed CMF within the first 2 years
D - A significant difference for the secondary outcomes was identified between the group fed pHF and the group fed CMF at 6?7 years
9 - If a mother cannot nurse her infant, and her first?born child has been diagnosed with atopic dermatitits, which of the following would be a feeding of choice for the second child:
A - Cow milk?based formula
B - Hydrolyzed cow milk formula
C - Soy protein?based formula
D - Almond milk
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